Baden-Württemberg is Germany’s largest pharma location. In addition to industry giants such as Roche, GlaxoSmithKline and Boehringer Ingelheim, Baden-Württemberg is home to a large number of small- and medium-sized pharmaceutical companies and biotech companies with pharmaceutical research and development. According to the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of Economics, Labour and Housing, Baden-Württemberg is Europe's leading location for producing and distributing medicines for special therapies such as homeopathy as well as herbal ingredients.
The pharmaceutical industry in Baden-Württemberg is loyal to its location. According to BIOPRO 141 pharmaceutical companies are located in Baden-Württemberg. Of them, 51 companies are pure distributors or suppliers. 90 of the 141 pharmaceutical companies carry out research, development and/or manufacture in Baden-Württemberg. In 2018, they achieved a taxable turnover of 7.24 billion euros with 25,069 employees subject to social security contributions. Most pharmaceutical companies are located in the southern Upper Rhine and middle Upper Rhine (15 each) as well as the Hochrhein-Bodensee region (14). Donau-Iller and Rhine-Neckar are the two regions with the highest revenues. Companies in the Donau-Iller region generated 27% of overall revenues and companies in the Rhine-Neckar region 18%. The sector reinvests more than 14 percent of its turnover in research and development projects, making it the sector with the highest proportion of internal expenditure on research and development in relation to turnover1.
In Baden-Württemberg, a large number of pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies and research institutes are working on new therapies and vaccines against SARS-CoV-2, including CureVac AG, Atriva Therapeutics GmbH and the start-up Prime Vector Technologies GmbH. Companies in Baden-Württemberg, such as Pfizer Manufacturing Deutschland GmbH in Freiburg and TEVA GmbH in Ulm, are also involved in securing the supply of crisis-relevant drugs.
Five pharmaceutical companies were founded in Baden-Württemberg between 2010 and 9/2020. These include ZentriForce Pharma Research GmbH in Heidelberg, which offers contract research and analysis for the pharmaceutical industry (founded 04/2019). Nowadays, it is very rare for new pharmaceutical companies to be set up with the intention of manufacturing, seeking regulatory approval, selling and carrying out research and development. The majority of pharma-relevant start-ups these days are biotech companies, service providers and contract manufacturers.
Biotechnology is an important driver of innovation in the pharmaceutical industry. According to surveys by BIOPRO Baden-Württemberg, a total of 269 Baden-Württemberg companies are active in research, development and/or production in the region’s biotechnology and/or pharmaceutical industries. In 2018, 43,658 employees generated 11.4 billion euros in taxable revenues.
1 Bundesverband der Pharmazeutischen Industrie e.V. (BPI): Pharma-Daten 2019; available online at www.bpi.de/fileadmin/user_upload/Downloads/Publikationen/Pharma-Daten/Pharma-Daten_2019_DE.pdf